Throughout time the Hopi have been through evolutionary eras of humanity and its environment, or four worlds; they currently inhabit the fourth world of Tuuwaqatsi, or planet earth. The Hopi communities consist of twelve villages. They are a matrilineal society organized by clans; the clanship establishes a person’s family ties and responsibility in the Hopi community.

The Hopi continue to uphold their sacred agreement made with the caretaker and creator, Maasawu, by living their life plan based on compassion, humility, cooperation, respect, and universal earth stewardship.  The world we live in now is the fourth way of life that the Hopi have lived.


Dry farming in a semiarid climate, traditional farming methods have been established which utilize natural precipitation depends completely on natural precipitation - winter snows or summer monsoon rains.  The Hopi knew that their fourth way of life would be difficult and that they must submit to the corn as a way of life.  The themes of humility, cooperation, respect, and universal earth stewardship became the lifeway of all Hopis.  In this way, the Hopi have always had corn and agriculture.  This “dry farming” technique is a way of life for Hopi, from centuries ago perfecting this technique.  Agriculture is an act of faith for the Hopi that serves as a religious focus as well as an economic activity.  A majority of dry farming is done by hand by the men who plant, nurture and harvest the crops, while the women and young girls learn the techniques of storing and preserving for later use.

With corn being a representation of the Hopi way of life and main source of nutrition, the Hopi continue to cultivate and continue to practice their ceremonies and traditions. Dry farming is dependent on hard work, humility, care and prayer. While living up to our sense of purpose and maintaining balance, the Hopi know that our way of life is a hard life ... but a good life.